Lookup on the Halabja dialect is actually supported by a n

Lookup on the Halabja dialect is actually supported by a n

c) The eastern Jewish dialects show numerous possess: best be concerned (1), transform regarding [Theta] to just one (4), reinterpretation off verb classification since the profile (5), and you will reflexive pronouns based on nos- (17). Speaking of areal enjoys and this span the basic divide ranging from Halabja for the one hand and Koy Sanjaq and you can Azerbaijan into other. It is not obvious where dialect each of them starts, however they are almost certainly lent from one to your anybody else and not inherited in keeping.

These types of three big groups off isoglosses portray just a tiny area of research and is brought to incur on the taxonomy of your own NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), having fun with research out-of pronouns, reveals the presence of a northern Iraqi dialect class (here represented by Zakho, Tisqopa, and you will Aradhin) hence can’t be seen on the basis of the restricted investigation shown here. What is needed now could be one another heavier meanings of your own dialects already documented, so more widespread and you may determining characteristics can be acquired, and also have field work so you’re able to number the numerous languages being with the brink away from extinction.

step one Thanks are due to people who shared data and recommendations, such as for example Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and Jo Rubba. E.H. june stipend.

For example, f and you will g were chose inside terms and conditions such as etrog ‘citron’ and you can sefer ‘scroll of law’, where throughout the handed down Aramaic vocabulary f will have feel p and you may grams would have disappeared

step three Garbell (1964, 100-103) says your sound system of Jewish Azerbaiaic from Kurdish. Her primary research because of it is the enunciation away from Hebrew financing-terms within this dialect. Hebrew loanwords inside the Jewish Azerbaijani hold specific tunes which were removed or merged with others on well-known Neo-Aramaic words. Garbell says these particular retentions prove these particular Hebrew terminology was in fact lent in the first place in Kurdish, and therefore a team of Kurdish speakers later on managed to move on to Neo-Aramaic. It looks apt to be that Hebrew aspects on dialect did not take part in the latest voice changes in concern due to the latest unique religious register that they belong. They may need altered immediately after which been restored for the foundation of your own antique enunciation out-of neighboring organizations.

4 A raised + demonstrates the next phrase was pronounced into suprasegmental function ’emphasis’ that is discovered to some extent in all NENA languages. Phonetically, emphasis try advanced, but its no. 1 parts try velarization, and it is have a tendency to as a result of the current presence of this new emphatic consonants t and you can s.

7 On the dialect out-of Tyari [Theta] usually becomes s. It dialect, which had been spoken ahead of 1915 for the a community out-of Hakkari, isn’t talked about here while the material with it try diminished.

8 It is not clear whether this type is present inside the the fresh Halabja dialect. My informants following that know it, however, told you it was much more feature of the neighboring town of Suleimaniya. Nevertheless, it’s unknown on dialect of the Jews away from Sanandaj.

9 Robert Hoberman suggests to me that the NENA versions will get now have originated from an unattested metathesized e[Theta]peel ezdi.

Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. In Bono Homini Donum: Essays inside Historical Linguistics within the Memories regarding J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and you can Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Education on the Principle and you can Reputation of Linguistic Science, show IV. Current Activities příklady profilů wireclub in Linguistic Concept 16. Part II, 613-forty-two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.

An inquiry toward Development of one’s Middle Aramaic Dialects

Garbell, Irene. 1964. Apartment Conditions and you can Syllables inside Jewish Eastern This new Aramaic off Persian Azerbaijan and also the Continguous Areas (A problem of Multilingualism). Into the Knowledge during the Egyptology and Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Mining Area.